Integrated water resources management in Central Asia: The challenges of managing ...

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Title: Integrated water resources management in Central Asia: The challenges of managing large transboundary rivers

Author(s): GWP | International

Publication Date: 2014

Type of Document : Background Papers

Category: Transboundary Water Management

Geographic area:

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    Description

    This paper focuses on IWRM experiences in Central Asia where the major rivers ? the Amudarya and Syrdarya Rivers ? flow from the headwaters in Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Afghanistan to the downstream Fergana Valley in Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan, and are a part of the Aral Sea Basin. Water demand is dominated by energy requirements and irrigation, which are central to economic life in the region. There is a long history of irrigation in the region, the influence of the Soviet Union, and some 15 years' post-independence experience of introducing

    IWRM in the Fergana Valley. The paper describes building new infrastructure and, equally important, reforming institutional structures from the 'top-down' and from the 'bottom-up'. It also addresses the successes and the immense challenges still facing the region, particularly

    the transboundary water issues where nation States have differing views and priorities for water

    use.

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