Energy and Water: Connection and Conflict


Title: Energy and Water: Connection and Conflict

Author(s): Natural Resources Committee

Publication Date: 2012

Type of Document : Background Papers

Category: Water and Energy

Geographic area:

  • United States of America




Energy and water are two fundamental building blocks of the U.S. economy. Power plants need water to operate. Electric water pumps move water around the country, especially in the West. Because energy and water are inextricably linked, they are in a constant interplay of supply and demand where a change in the availability one resource can impact the usage of the other and vice versa. Especially during droughts, water scarcity can cause conflict as drinking and agriculture needs increasingly compete against energy needs.